Visit These 4 Mughal Monuments In Delhi Built By Women

From the magnificent Humayun’s Tomb to the beautiful Qudsia Bagh, find out the top Mughal monuments in Delhi built by women rulers
Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
Humayun's Tomb, DelhiUnsplash

Both men and women shape the history of Delhi. From Razia Sultana, the first ruler of Delhi who wore vibrant red within the iconic Qutub Complex, to figures like Roshanara and others, women have played a significant role in the city's evolution. Some women nurtured and refined the talents of young men and women in kothas, while others channelled their energies into art and architecture, crafting breathtaking landscapes like Chandni Chowk, Khairul Manzil, and Qudsia Bagh and creating exquisite miniatures, among other accomplishments. These contributions are an integral part of Delhi's rich tapestry, showcasing the diverse and multifaceted nature of its history. If you're planning a trip to Delhi, make sure to add some of the best surviving architecture credited to these wonderful mediaeval women to your itinerary for the weekend. Here is a list of a few of them for your perusal.

Khairul Manazil

Khairul Manazil, Delhi
Khairul Manazil, DelhiShutterstock

Located in the heart of Delhi, Khairul Manazil is an exemplary example of architectural brilliance and cultural fusion. It was commissioned by Maham Anga, a powerful figure in Emperor Akbar's court, and initially served as her residence. Later on, it became a centre for spiritual and educational activities. Khairul Manazil features a stunning blend of Persian and Indian architectural styles, which stands as a testament to Maham Anga's patronage of the arts and her enduring legacy in Delhi's architectural heritage.

Address: J65Q+2V5, Bapa Nagar, India Gate, New Delhi, Delhi 110003

Mubarak Masjid

Mubarak Masjid, Delhi
Mubarak Masjid, Delhi@DelhiKaravan/x

The Mubarak Begum Mosque is a red sandstone mosque from the 19th century in Hauz Qazi, Delhi. Initially commissioned by Mubarak Begum, a nautch girl and courtesan in the Mughal court, the mosque is a testament to her legacy. Mubarak Begum was a Muslim dancer from a humble family who later married David Ochterlony, Delhi's first British resident. Ochterlony commissioned a mosque in her name to honour her contributions, a rare instance of a non-royal woman sponsoring a religious structure. Constructed with red sandstone and lakhori bricks, the mosque features a prayer chamber with three domed compartments and three arched entrances beneath each dome. Despite its historical significance, the mosque's central dome collapsed in July 2020 due to heavy rainfall. It remains under the custody of the Delhi Wakf Board, with the last reported repairs conducted in 2016.

Address: 4959, Hauz Qazi Chowk, Bazar Sirkiwalan, Kaccha Pandit Main Bazar, Lal Kuan Bazar, Chandni Chowk, New Delhi, Delhi, 110006

Qudsia Bagh

Qudsia Bagh, Delhi
Qudsia Bagh, DelhiShutterstock

Nestled in the vibrant streets of Delhi, you can find Qudsia Bagh, a stunning garden complex that reflects the personal style of Empress Qudsia Begum, the wife of Emperor Muhammad Shah. This beautiful oasis was designed to provide a lush escape from the stresses of court life and features gorgeous cascading fountains, well-manicured lawns, and exquisite pavilions, all created with the empress's patronage. Qudsia Bagh stands as a testament to the empress's love for nature and beauty and is now a cherished landmark in Delhi's architectural landscape. Visitors can marvel at the garden's refined taste and gain a glimpse into the empress's appreciation for the finer things in life.

Address: M6CH+98V, Prema Kunj, Railway Colony, Civil Lines, Delhi, 110054

Humayun's Tomb

Humayun's Tomb, Delhi
Humayun's Tomb, DelhiShutterstock

Humayun's Tomb is one of the most famous landmarks in India, standing tall as a tribute to the legacy of Empress Bega Begum, the wife of Emperor Humayun. The mausoleum was commissioned in the 16th century and is known for its grandeur, symmetry, and intricate ornamentation, which set the stage for the architectural marvels of the Mughal era. With its towering dome, arched entrances, and beautifully landscaped gardens, Humayun's Tomb is a testament to Empress Bega Begum's abiding love for her husband and her dedication to preserving his memory for generations to come.

Address: Hazrat Nizamuddin Aulia Dargah, Mathura Rd, Nizamuddin, Nizamuddin East, New Delhi, Delhi 110013

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