All About The 3,000-Year-Old Stone Pyramids Of Mexico

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El Castillo (The Kukulkan Temple) of Chichen Itza
El Castillo (The Kukulkan Temple) of Chichen ItzaShutterstock

Recent archaeological excavations in central Mexico's state of Puebla have unveiled a fascinating discovery dating back over 3,000 years. A cluster of stone pyramids, numbering over a dozen, has been revealed to have served as ceremonial sites for indigenous people. Led by the National Institute of Anthropology and History (INAH), researchers have focused on three pyramids forming the central "Great Plaza."

These excavations support the theory that the site was once utilised by the native inhabitants of Sierra Norte for ceremonial astronomical observations, likely between 600 and 200 B.C. The ceremonies centred around tracking celestial bodies to aid in agricultural cycles, a crucial aspect of their livelihood.

Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan, Mexico
Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan, MexicoShutterstock

Despite enduring centuries of weathering, damage from animals, and stone extraction for local construction, the pyramids have yielded significant findings. Among the artefacts unearthed are burnt ceramics and obsidian pieces, believed to have been offerings by Mexico's ancient dwellers.

Of particular interest is the alignment of the main pyramid, which provided a vantage point for observing Canopus, a prominent star in the night sky, especially visible during February. Previous studies indicate that these early inhabitants meticulously maintained agricultural calendars through precise astronomical observations.

Following the ceremonial use of the pyramids, the indigenous population migrated to other regions, such as Teotihuacan, only to return later to pay homage to their ancestors. While the site remains closed to the public for further research, these revelations shed new light on Mexico's ancient cultural heritage.

About Mexico

Mexico beckons travellers for its rich history and natural beauty. From the streets of Mexico City to the ancient ruins of Teotihuacan, every corner tells a story of civilisations past. Indulge in flavourful cuisines, explore colonial architecture, or unwind on beaches along the Riviera Maya. Adventure awaits in the jungles of Chiapas or the rugged landscapes of Copper Canyon. With warm hospitality and a kaleidoscope of experiences, Mexico promises an unforgettable journey for every traveller. 

(With inputs from multiple media reports)

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