Close to 300 species of birds call Pakke Tiger Reserve a home. From the globally endangered white-winged wood duck to the rare Oriental bay owl to the magnificent great hornbill. Speaking of hornbills, Pakke has recorded four species so far--wreathed hornbill, Oriental pied hornbill, great hornbill and rufous-necked hornbill. Breeding is slow among hornbills and this, combined with deforestation and hunting for both casque and meat, had driven these beautiful birds' number to a dangerous low. The community realised this just in time and formed the Ghora Aabhe Society, a group of village chiefs, to put an end to the over exploitation of the precious forest and its denizens. With the help of the state forest department and Nature Conservation Foundation, the conservation of the forest and these birds was taken a notch higher in Pakke and adjoining Papum Reserve Forest. To curb the habitat loss and hunting, Hornbill Nest Adoption Programme was introduced to the already community-imposed ban on hunting. Thus started the monitoring and protection of these nests.