Eid ul-Adha, also known as the "Festival of Sacrifice," is a significant religious holiday Muslims celebrate. One of the largest Muslim festivals celebrated around the world, Eid ul-Adha, also known as Bakra Eid, involves the sacrifice of an animal, usually a goat, sheep, cow, or camel, depending on the region. The meat from the sacrificed animal is distributed in three parts one for the family, one for relatives and friends, and one for the less fortunate.
Families and friends come together after the sacrifice to share delicious meals and celebrate. Elaborate feasts are prepared, incorporating traditional dishes and culinary specialities. The emphasis is on sharing meals, hospitality, and inviting others to join the festivities. Different regions and communities add their own cultural elements to the celebration. This includes wearing traditional attire and organizing parades, street fairs, and cultural performances. In India, the day usually begins with a special congregational prayer where Muslims gather at mosques or designated prayer grounds, dressed in their finest attire, to seek blessings. Donations in the form of money, food, or clothing are made to charitable organizations or directly to individuals in need. Here is how the festival is celebrated globally.
Middle East and North Africa
Eid-ul-Adha is a significant public holiday in Saudi Arabia, Egypt, and Morocco. Muslims attend morning prayers, followed by the sacrifice of an animal. Families gather for feasts and exchange gifts. It is also common for people to visit cemeteries to pay respects to their deceased relatives.
In countries such as Pakistan and Bangladesh, Eid ul-Adha is celebrated with great enthusiasm. The day begins with prayers at local mosques or open grounds. Families wear new clothes, offer animal sacrifices, and share meals with relatives and neighbours. Feeding the poor and giving to charity are highly emphasized during this time.
In Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore, Eid ul-Adha, known as Hari Raya Haji or Hari Raya Aidiladha, is celebrated with prayers, sermons, and animal sacrifices. Muslims gather at mosques for communal prayers, and the meat from the sacrificed animals is distributed to the needy. Families and friends enjoy festive meals, traditional sweets, and cultural performances.
In countries like Turkey, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan, Eid ul-Adha, known as Kurban Bayram, is a major holiday. Muslims attend prayers, exchange greetings, and visit family members. Traditional dishes are prepared, and neighbours are invited to share meals. It is also common for people to engage in acts of charity and distribute meat to the needy.
Sub-Saharan Africa Eid ul-Adha holds immense significance in Nigeria, Senegal, and Sudan. Communities come together for prayers and the sacrifice of animals. The meat is shared with family, friends, and the less fortunate. Festivities continue with music, dance, and traditional meals. Special events such as wrestling matches and cultural exhibitions are organized in some regions.
Muslim communities in Western countries, such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom, celebrate Eid-ul-Adha while adapting to local cultures. Muslims attend prayers at mosques, followed by social gatherings with friends and family. In these multicultural settings, Muslims may also participate in community events and engage in acts of charity and volunteer work.
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