All About Top Coral Reefs Across The World

Coral reefs, a small fraction of the ocean floor, are crucial for marine biodiversity. They are remarkable ecosystems, offering captivating underwater beauty and delicate ecological harmony
Photo Credits Shutterstock
Photo Credits Shutterstock

Coral reefs are among the most diverse and breathtaking ecosystems on our planet. These underwater marvels are teeming with life, creating a delicate balance between marine species and the environment they inhabit. While coral reefs occupy less than 1 per cent of the ocean floor, they support approximately 25 per cent of all marine species, making them vital hotspots of biodiversity. Here, we embark on a journey to discover some of the top coral reefs worldwide, each boasting unique features and fascinating marine life.

Raja Ampat

The Indonesian archipelago, located amidst the heart of the Coral Triangle, the Raja Ampat, is a living testament to the diversity of the coral reefs. With over 15,000 picturesque islands scattered across the Cerulean Sea, Raja Ampat is home to one of the most thriving and diverse coral ecosystems. The coral reefs of Raja Ampat will remind you of a kaleidoscope, boasting a vibrant array of coral species. The aquatic wonderland of Raja Ampat serves as a sanctuary for more than 600 different kinds of coral species. Due to such unparalleled biodiversity, Raja Ampat is also known as the "Epicenter of marine diversity." Beyond the corals, Raja Ampat's reefs are home to diverse species such as Pygmy Horse, the majestic Manta rays, Barracudas, tuna, flamboyant cuttlefish and blue-ringed octopus.

How to Reach

If you're travelling by air, the nearest airport to Raja Ampat is Sorong's Domine Eduard Osok Airport. Several flights fly to Sorong daily, such as Lion Air, Garuda Indonesia, and many others. On reaching Sorong, you can take a cab or a rented car to get Sorong Harbour, which is only an 11-minute ride. After you reach Sorong Harbour, you need to take a speedboat or a ferry to reach the islands of Raja Ampat.


Palau's splendid coral reefs are known to attract visitors from all around the world. A haven for adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers, the islands of Palau are known for their stunning natural beauty, with pristine waters, white sandy beaches, and lush green forests. The reefs are home to many coral species, from massive coral tables to delicate branching corals. Within the reefs reside a wide array of marine species such as Mantra Rays, colourful reef sharks, sea turtles, tropical fish, and other species.

Palau has done an exceptional job concerning marine conservation. In 2009, Palau became the world's first-ever shark sanctuary, and in 2015, a Palau National Marine Sanctuary was established, creating one of the largest safeguarded areas globally. From the diverse marine life to the stunning coral formations, the Palau Islands offer an underwater experience like no other. It stands as an example of how responsible and continuous efforts can ensure the preservation of these spectacular ecosystems.

How to Reach

To experience this spectacular ecosystem, you will first have to take a flight to Babeldaob, which happens to be the main gateway to Palau. On reaching the Roman Tmetuchl International Airport, take a cab, which will take you to Koror, which is 20 minutes away from the airport. To reach Palau islands, you can take domestic flights operated by Palau Pacific Airways.

Belize Barrier Reef

Stretching over 190 miles along the coast of Belize, the spectacular reef system of the Belize Barrier Reef is the second-largest reef ecosystem in the world and a UNESCO-recognized world heritage site. Diving enthusiasts from all around the globe travel to this magical barrier reef to witness the stunning biodiversity that this barrier reef has to offer. While exploring the reef, you'll come across a vibrant kaleidoscope of colours in the form of spectacular coral formations and aquatic species, such as the excited and playful dolphins, the calm and graceful sea turtles, and nurse sharks. Apart from the reefs and the marine life, the Belize barrier reef also features the Great Blue Hole, considered the crown jewel of this barrier reef. The sinkhole is a paradise for the ones seeking adventure, offering its visitors a unique once-in-a-lifetime chance to dive right into the abyss and explore the spectacular underwater caves and limestone formations, leaving you completely awestruck Beyond its majestic caves, the Belize barrier reef offers a plethora of water activities for everyone. From kayaking to snorkelling, this reef is an adventure paradise. Also, while on the island, explore the lush forests, home to exotic wildlife and ancient Mayan ruins.

How to Reach

To reach the Belize barrier reef, book a flight to Philip S.W. Goldson International Airport in Belize. To reach Belize, you can take a domestic flight or take a cab to reach the picturesque coastal destinations situated in Belize. Once you've reached your location in Belize, you can take a boat or a ferry to explore the places deep inside the island.

Tubbataha Reef

Tubbataha Reef, located in the Sulu Sea of the Philippines, is a crown jewel of marine biodiversity and attests to the Philippines' commitment to conservation. Recognised as a UNESCO-recognised world heritage site, this pristine location is every diver's utopia, captivating visitors with its magnificent beauty.

Home to the Tubbataha Reef National Park, the park consists of two large coral atolls, the North and the South coral Atolls. These two atolls are home to a spectacular array of marine species. The Tubbataha Reef's location is isolated around 100 miles away from the main island, making it one of the best-preserved coral reefs on Earth. Descending into the pristine waters, one can encounter the vibrant coral gardens. The reef is also home to over 700 fish species.

From March to June, the Tubbataha Reef opens only for liveaboard expeditions, ensuring minimal human contact during spawning season. Despite being remote, Tubbataha Reef has gained widespread international recognition for its ecological significance, becoming a hope for marine conservation.

How to Reach

Due to Tubbataha Reef's secluded location, it becomes challenging to reach the island. However, to reach the Tubbataha Reef, one must embark on a long journey which begins with a flight to Manila. On reaching Manila, you must take a domestic flight to Puerto Princesa, which also happens to be the gateway to the Tubbataha Reef. After reaching Puerto Princesa, you must take a liveaboard to the reef. Remember that if you wish to have a liveaboard experience, book your tickets in advance to avoid any last-minute hassle.

Cover Photo Credits Shutterstock

Related Stories

No stories found.
Outlook Traveller