Top 10 Historical Places To Include In Your Azerbaijan Itinerary

Waquar Habib


Azerbaijan is a country that showcases the radiance of ancient history coupled with the marvels of modernity. You can explore the historic streets of Baku's Old City and marvel at the petroglyphs of Gobustan.

A view of Baku, Azerbaijan | Shutterstock

Old City (Icherisheher), Baku

The Old City of Baku, also called Icherisheher, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site in the heart of Baku. Enclosed by fortified walls, it boasts of narrow streets, historic mosques and palaces.

An Old Hamam in Icherisheher area | Shutterstock

Gobustan National Park

Gobustan National Park has ancient rock carvings, called petroglyphs, dating back 5,000 to 40,000 years ago. These depict primitive life, including humans and animals, giving a glimpse into prehistoric Azerbaijani life.

Ancient rock carvings petroglyphs in Gobustan | Shutterstock

Ateshgah of Baku (Fire Temple)

The Fire Temple, or Ateshgah of Baku, is an ancient Hindu temple in Surakhani. It was a place of worship for Zoroastrians, where natural gas vents emitted holy flames.

Ateshgah of Baku | Shutterstock

Palace of the Shirvanshahs, Baku

The Palace of the Shirvanshahs is a 15th-century complex in Baku's Old City. It served as the residence of the Shirvan rulers and is a masterpiece of Azerbaijani medieval architecture.

A stamp printed in the Russia shows Palace of Shirvanshahs, Baku, circa 1990 | Shutterstock

Maiden Tower, Baku

The Maiden Tower is an iconic 12th-century landmark in Baku, representing Azerbaijani medieval architecture. It is depicted on the Azerbaijani currency and is significant as a national symbol.

Maiden Tower, Baku | Shutterstock

Sheki Khan's Palace

Sheki Khan's Palace, an architectural masterpiece, served as the summer residence of the Sheki Khans. Built in the 18th century, it is renowned for its exquisite artwork, showcasing floral motifs and Azerbaijani folklore.

Sheki Khan's Palace | Shutterstock

Nizami Mausoleum, Ganja

The Nizami Mausoleum is a historic site in Ganja dedicated to the Persian poet Nizami Ganjavi. It was built in the 12th century and is a pilgrimage site for literature lovers.

Nizami Mausoleum | Shutterstock

Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku

Heydar Aliyev Center is a modern cultural centre and museum in Baku. The centre has a fluid, futuristic design and showcases exhibitions on Azerbaijani history, art and culture.

Heydar Aliyev Center, Baku | Shutterstock

Mardakan Castle

Mardakan Castle is a 14th-century fortress on the Absheron Peninsula near Baku. It is protected against northern invasions and offers stunning views of the Caspian Sea.

Mardakan Castle | Shutterstock


Aghdam, in Azerbaijan, was abandoned during the Nagorno-Karabakh War and is called the "Hiroshima of the Caucasus" due to its destruction.

Agdam Mosque in Nagorno-Karabakh region in Azerbaijan | Shutterstock

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